Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) – What is it?
When you ever experience pain which is near your ear or on your muscles at the side of your face or jaw or it comes with a popping or clicking sound or ever restricts jaw movement, you may have a Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD). There are instances sometimes to where people incorrectly use the term of TMJ in referring to such problems, but TMJ means Temporomandibular joint. If you have a TMJ, you probably don’t have TMD.
TMD are known as various conditions that are characterized on the pain and dysfunction of TMJ or the muscles that surrounds it. It’s a challenge to determine the real cause of the symptoms, however most TMD can be resolved solely through conservative remedies that are being recommended by doctors. It is really important that you research on the reversible remedies prior to doing anything irreversible like surgery or bridgework.
There are two TMJs that connects your lower jaw and are known as the mandible to your temporal bone of your skull, which are considered as complex joints that will allow movement on three dimensions. Your temporal bone and your lower jaw works together as a ball and a socket which also have a cushioning disk that’s in between. The large pairs of muscles that are present in your temples and cheeks moves your lower jaw. Three of the possible reasons for the source of the problems of TMJ are the muscles, disk or joint. If in case you are experiencing pain or you have difficulties to opening or closing your jaw, the doctor will then conduct examinations so they are able to determine what’s the main point of the problem and for them to be able to suggest the right remedies.
Just like any other joint, TMJ problems are also causes of orthopedic problems that includes inflammation, sore muscles, disk problems and also on strained tendons. Also, TMD can be passed down on your genes, gender and because of age as well. Another reason would be due to psychological and physical stress. Jaw pain also can be related to widespread and pain-inducing medical conditions.
After your doctor will examine you, they will then come up with an appropriate strategy in treating your condition and in managing your pain. There are also instances sometimes with where temporary changes on their diets are able to help on reducing stress on their joints and muscles.
For the severe TMJ cases that are requires the more complex treatment, they may undergo orthodontics, dental restorations or minor procedures in your joint such as flushing your joint or through a cortisone injection. There’s a small chance of having to undergo major surgeries though, but still you should opt for the reversible treatments and to also give it enough time so that it is able to work because this is not always effective.